The thread you choose is possibly the most relevant aspect of sewing, and yet we often put aside its importance.
There is a wide array of threads to choose from, and a basic knowledge of thread will definitely guide you in making a choice.
Needless to say, the selection of a thread does not solely involve choosing different colors or hues.
It also denotes choosing the right texture or material, for instance, what works best for your machine or what works best for the design you have thought out.
The first step that warrants any decision making is always the information you have at hand. If you do not have the ample amount of knowledge regarding a thread, you can search for it online or go to a nearby textile store and ask about it to a legal clerk or salesperson.
In order for you to understand the proper type of thread to use in any of your sewing tasks, the following characteristics should be brought into mind, namely fiber features, its construct, finish, size, and type. It is important to note that the success of any project can be sketched from the type of materials selected.
The glaring essentiality of thread selection should never be disregarded. After all, it is the fiber that keeps everything intact.
Whichever type of thread you select, always check for its quality which includes strength and durability. You wouldn’t want a thread that will likely deposit unwanted byproducts in your sewing machine like lint. For day-to-day use of a sewing machine, it is advisable for you to find a thread that is smooth, lump-free, and tangle-resistant to assure you of a work that is untainted with hurlyburlies.
In evaluating a thread, you should unroll it a reasonable length, place it under a light source, and examine it carefully. Afterward, using your fingertips, feel for discernible nubs or lumps. If it’s smooth and polished, then you’re ready to go.
With the chosen thread at your disposal, it is at this point that you test it on your fabrics. Try it out and experiment on it with stitches and their settings, presser foot and stabilizer assortments, and various tension settings.
We are regularly encouraged to pattern the fiber to the fabric as much as possible, but of course, there is a smarter choice than doing that. With a basic understanding of the characteristics of any given fiber, you should pick out a thread that is relevant to your chosen project or design.
Instead of relying exclusively on matchmaking, you must adopt a more comprehensive perspective in choosing your thread. The fabric type, the degree of care needed, and quality or quantity of use must equally be taken into account.
For instance, perceived high tension coming from the environment must preclude you from choosing threads that could not withstand extreme temperatures.
Another example: say you want to build a durable clothing item, you can benefit from choosing a string that is sturdy and tough, like polyester for it to survive repeated and intensive washing and drying.
For swimming clothes, you can use a string that is not only durable but stretchable, and one that provides resistance from harmful ultraviolet rays.
The type of stitching you planned on doing should also impact your thread choices.
Stitches meant for decoration or embellishment should be patterned with the kind of output you are aiming for. With decorative designs, thread selection is easier if you already have a design in mind as this should dictate the stitches that would go best with your vision.
Here are some types of threads to help you decide:
1. Silk thread
A good silk thread is known to be naturally durable, smooth, and has an illustrious veneer. It is made for hand-sewing and tailoring as it is lightweight and easy to maneuver. Of course, silk thread is used to manufacture silk fabric. It is also ideal for using with wool for tailoring as it can be easily shaped with careful ironing. Because of its strong fibers, silk threads are quite resistant to this ironing process.
2. Cotton thread
In contrast to silk, cotton threads don’t have a sheen. It also does not possess the silk thread’s natural durability although it is also resistant to iron heat, which is why it is okay for cotton fabrics to be pressed repeatedly and continuously. Also, cotton threads can also produce a significant amount of lint which may prove irritating to some. However, it still can produce lightweight fabrics.
3. Elastic thread
Elastics threads are mainly used for the sole purpose of shirring. When you sew elastic threads the right way, it can produce a piece of fabric that will remain stretchy even after prolonged use.
Like silk, a majority of polyester threads have a bit of sheen to them. In contrast to silk which is found in nature, polyester threads are man-made. As a consequence, they do not possess the same level of durability found in natural threads.
They are often vulnerable to extreme temperatures. However, this does not mean that it has not apparent uses.
The clothing industry frequently makes use of polyester threads because of it resistance to ultraviolet rays, chemical substances, and mildew. It also has a limited elasticity but not as strong as the elastic thread.
To sum it up, the proper thread choice can definitely help you in achieving your envisioned product and it should always be patterned with the type of stitching task you are planning on doing and as such it should dictate your thread selection process.